Taxonomy of Japanese Pachysandra:
classifies Japanese pachysandra (also called "Japanese spurge") as Pachysandra terminalis
Japanese pachysandra plants are evergreen perennials
of the broadleaf
variety. They are herbaceous
in the sense that they lack woody stems, but their foliage doesn't die back in winter (it merely yellows a bit). In terms of usage, Pachysandra terminalis
plants are classified as ground covers
Characteristics of Japanese Pachysandra:
Wider than it is tall, this ground cover spreads via underground runners. It is commonly found standing at 6" tall with a spread twice that. Pachysandra terminalis produces white blooms in spring but is grown primarily for its foliage.
Sun and Soil Requirements for Pachysandra Terminalis:
Best grown in partial to full shade and in a well-drained, acidic
soil rich in humus
. The plant prefers medium moisture but will tolerate dry shade.
Planting Zones for Pachysandra Terminalis:
can be grown in zones
Care for Pachysandra Terminalis:
should be provided with some shelter for winter in cooler climates, or patches of brown may mar its appearance. If you wish to keep it confined to one area, dig up trespassing runners annually. Pachysandra terminalis
is susceptible to leaf blight, which results from a fungal invasion. Fungus loves moisture, so don't water overhead. Good air circulation also deters fungus, so thin out Pachysandra terminalis
occasionally. Spring division
is a good means of propagation.
Uses for Pachysandra Terminalis in Landscaping:
These plants are effective ground covers for weed control, as they spread to form a dense mat that inhibits weed growth. They are sometimes compared to another low ground cover for shade, Vinca minor
. The latter is a vine and stays shorter than Pachysandra terminalis
. Vinca minor
also has the more attractive bloom of the two (a bluish flower). Both are moderately invasive plants
, but both are also useful for deer control
Plants Related to Pachysandra Terminalis:
Japanese pachysandra has an American counterpart, called "Allegheny spurge" (Pachysandra procumbens).