Taxonomy of Yarrow Plants:
Characteristics of Yarrow Plants:
Planting Zones for Yarrow Plants:
Sun and Soil Requirements for Yarrow Plants:
Uses in Landscape Design:
Care for Yarrow Plants:
Caveats in Growing Yarrow Plants:
Medicinal Uses for Yarrow Plants -- Achillea as an Herb:
Name Origin for Achillea Millefolium:
The genus name, Achillea derives from Greek mythology. Achilles, hero of Homer's "Iliad," had been a student of Chiron, the centaur renowned for his knowledge of medicinal herbs. Yarrow plants were highly regarded at the time for their medicinal properties. Yarrow plants were widely used prior to modern times to staunch blood.
Achilles, no doubt, didn't forget the lessons he learned from Chiron. In leading the Greeks against Troy in the bloody Trojan War, Achilles and his men would have had frequent occasion to use yarrow plants to treat their wounds. The association between Achilles and this miraculous herb stuck. But Greek mythology was rarely satisfied by such associations and preferred to tell a tale, instead. So according to legend, yarrow plants owe their very origin to Achilles: they were supposed to have sprung from some metal scrapings off the great warrior's spear!
Meanwhile, the specific epithet, millefolium (thus the common name, "milfoil") means thousand-leafed and derives from yarrow plants' deeply toothed, fern-like foliage.